The Australian authorities has issued an pressing warning for vacationers to be extraordinarily cautious when travelling to Sweden.

The federal government’s Smartraveller web site has been up to date to warn Australian travellers they need to “train a excessive diploma of warning in Sweden” as a result of risk of terrorism.

Though journey to Sweden has not been discouraged outright, Smartraveller advises travellers to “keep a excessive degree of vigilance in public areas”.

The upgraded risk degree comes after months of mounting tensions within the Scandinavian nation over public burnings of the Koran, the central Islamic spiritual textual content.

The Koran is sacred to Muslims, who contemplate harm to the textual content as an insult to Islam and God.

The general public desecration of the texts, permitted by Swedish courts and police, has been condemned by members of the Muslim group and international locations such because the US and Turkey.

Sweden’s self-assessed terrorist risk degree has sat at degree three, or “elevated risk”, since 2010, however the nation’s counter-terrorism organisation introduced final month the reactions to the desecration of the holy texts have “worsened the safety state of affairs”.

Protester Salwan Momika was watched by a Swedish police officer as he kicked a replica of the Koran throughout an illustration outdoors the Iraqi embassy in Stockholm. Photograph: AAP

“The actions carried out, and already ongoing disinformation campaigns, have affected Sweden’s picture from that of being a rustic of tolerance to a rustic hostile to Islam and Muslims, a rustic the place assaults in opposition to Muslims are sanctioned by the state, and the place Muslim youngsters may be kidnapped by social providers,” the Swedish Safety Service mentioned in a press release.

“As an entire, this may occasionally improve the risk posed by people within the violent Islamist atmosphere.”

Talking in Stockholm earlier this month, Swedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson accused outsiders of exploiting the nation’s freedom of expression legal guidelines and utilizing them as “a stage for spreading hateful messages”.

“We’re in probably the most severe safety coverage state of affairs because the Second World Warfare,” he mentioned in a press release posted to Instagram.

Swedish courts defend freedoms

This 12 months has seen a lot of Koran burnings in Sweden, after the courts over-ruled police rejections of purposes for the general public demonstrations the place the burnings occurred.

The courts argued the demonstrations didn’t have clear hyperlinks to safety dangers, and never permitting them to happen would infringe on freedom of speech.

Sweden abolished blasphemy legal guidelines within the Nineteen Seventies, and the nation’s structure ensures the best to freedom of expression on any topic, together with opinions that query spiritual messages or that may be perceived as hurtful to believers.

Critics of the courts’ choice to permit public desecration of the Koran have identified Sweden has a regulation prohibiting incitement in opposition to ethnic teams, however others argue Koran burnings goal the guide, not folks.

Because the courts’ choice was handed down earlier this 12 months, Swedish police have given permission for a number of public demonstrations centred round damaging the Koran, which have been attended by uniformed officers.

In June, Iraqi refugee and prolific demonstrator Salwan Momika tore up and burned a replica of the Koran outdoors a Stockholm mosque in entrance of tons of of onlookers on the primary day of Eid in a police-approved demonstration, with law enforcement officials watching on.

Police later charged Mr Momika for agitation in opposition to an ethnic or nationwide group and violating  town’s ban on fires, however he and frequent co-demonstrator Salwan Najem had been nonetheless capable of maintain an identical demonstration in entrance of the Royal Palace in Stockholm this month.

Political fallout

Mr Kristersson has described the latest acts as authorized, however not applicable.

He mentioned in a press release posted on Instagram that his authorities is analysing the authorized state of affairs relating to desecration of the Koran and different holy books as a result of backlash stirring in opposition to Sweden.

Mr Kristersson’s feedback come as Sweden’s software to affix NATO hinges on the approval of Hungary and Muslim-majority nation Turkey, which has slammed the Swedish demonstrations.

Muslim outrage

In June, tensions reached boiling level in Iraq, with dozens of individuals storming Baghdad’s Swedish embassy in protest over the continued demonstrations in Sweden.

The next month, the chief of Lebanon’s political and militant group Hezbollah mentioned if governments of Muslim-majority nations don’t act in opposition to international locations that permit the desecration of the Koran, Muslims ought to “punish” those that facilitate assaults on Islam’s holy guide.

Denmark, which additionally noticed a string of public Koran desecrations by anti-Islam activists this 12 months, is seeking to make it unlawful to desecrate the Koran or different spiritual holy books in entrance of overseas embassies within the nation.

Danish International Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen mentioned the burning of holy scriptures “solely serves the aim of making division in a world that really wants unity”, however acknowledged discovering a authorized instrument to ban these acts with out compromising freedom of expression wouldn’t be simple.

“There have to be room for spiritual criticism, and now we have no ideas of reintroducing a blasphemy clause,” he instructed Danish public broadcaster DR.

“However whenever you rise up in entrance of a overseas embassy and burn a Koran, or burn the Torah scroll in entrance of the Israeli embassy, ​​it serves no different objective than to mock.”